Zhou Yunjie, Zeng Xiaofei and Zhigong Party, a representative of the National People's Congress, a member of the CPPCC, and a democratic party, in their respective proposals and proposals at the two sessions, all focused on the comprehensive foreign trade service platform. What does this show?
This year, Zhou Yunjie, a representative of the National People's Congress and president of Haier Group, proposed two directions. In fact, this is not the first time that Zhou Yunjie mentioned the foreign comprehensive service platform. At the two sessions last year, Zhou Yunjie also mentioned the foreign comprehensive service platform. This does not seem like what a home appliance company should do.
The foreign trade service platform has developed very rapidly in the past two years. Through the platform, small and medium foreign trade enterprises can enjoy the services of large enterprises in customs clearance and tax rebate, which will help China’s foreign trade to develop better and faster, and the State Council has also affirmed the comprehensive The service platform is a "new format." However, on October 25 last year, Wei Qiang, general manager of Shenzhen Yidatong, the foreign comprehensive service platform, said "it’s time for life and death," and immediately let the outside world understand that the external comprehensive service company looks like The glamorous industry has actually reached the edge of the cliff.
Let's go back to the two sessions to see what those proposals on the foreign comprehensive service platform said.
Let's first look at the proposal of Haier Group President Zhou Yunjie.
Zhou Yunjie’s proposal
Zhou Yunjie believes that the identification of foreign comprehensive service companies is very difficult, the tax rebate link is also risky, and financing and refinancing are also very difficult. How to promote more small and medium-sized enterprises to overseas markets is very important. From this direction, he put forward two angles:
One is to clarify the identity of the foreign trade integrated service company's agent. Specifically, it is recommended that the relevant regulatory authorities recognize and clarify the agent's identity of the foreign trade integrated service system in foreign trade after-sales; the other is that it is recommended to retain some rights and responsibilities in the tax refund process.
The second perspective is to improve the supporting policies and laws for foreign trade comprehensive service enterprises. "This is in the motion. The foreign trade import and export (haitao) issues that everyone is concerned about are concentrated on the C-side, but the basic users and the proportion of the C-side are about 10%. Therefore, we should pay more attention to small and medium-sized enterprises, whether it is import or For export, a good supporting enterprise should be established to promote more small and medium-sized enterprises to go global." Zhou Yunjie said.
Let's take a look at the proposal of Zeng Xiaofei, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of the Liaoning Provincial Department of Commerce. As a major coastal industrial province, Liaoning has developed relatively fast foreign trade. Similarly, the foreign comprehensive service platform has encountered some problems in its development.
Zeng Xiaofei’s proposal
Zeng Xiaofei believes that although the State Council encourages the development of the "new foreign trade" business format for foreign trade comprehensive service companies, the government's relevant legal definitions and supporting policies for the new business format have not yet been implemented, and the administrative execution lacks legal (regulations or rules) basis. This problem needs to be resolved as soon as possible Otherwise, the system seriously lags behind market innovation, which may hinder or stifle the growth of new business formats, and is not conducive to the transformation and development of my country’s foreign trade.
Therefore, Zeng Xiaofei suggested: 1. As soon as possible, clarify the legal status of foreign comprehensive service enterprises and the standards for defining rights and responsibilities; 2. While clarifying the legal status of the “new foreign trade” innovative format of foreign comprehensive service enterprises, supporting the introduction of government functions with the characteristics of foreign comprehensive service enterprises Institutions (especially regulatory agencies) operation management system and operating methods.
Zeng Xiaofei’s proposal and Zhou Yunjie’s proposal are actually similar, but the proposal to the Gong Party is obviously much larger.
Proposal to the Gong Party
1. Accurately analyze new changes in the international market and establish a self-discipline convention for industry risk prevention and control;
2. By integrating various blacklists of taxation, customs, quality inspection, export credit insurance and other departments, as well as blacklists mastered by comprehensive service companies, use big data to establish a comprehensive database to help comprehensive service companies identify and risk upstream companies Prevention and control
3. Explore the establishment of fund pools to deal with losses caused by policy bottlenecks;
4. Speed up the introduction of specific pilot policies to define rights, responsibilities, and management rules.
The above three proposals all mention that the rights and responsibilities and management rules of foreign comprehensive service companies should be defined. Wanwang Network has also mentioned in previous articles, although the State Council has clearly requested that the establishment of a management model compatible with the development of comprehensive service enterprises should be accelerated, targeted supporting measures should be introduced, and implementation rules should be formulated. However, in the actual foreign trade process, once upstream and even upstream companies have false invoices, deliberate tax fraud and other non-compliance behaviors, the responsibility and risk are borne by the comprehensive service company. When there are abnormal cases such as false declarations in the customs clearance process, the customs treats the comprehensive service enterprise as the sole responsible subject, the service subject bears the responsibility of the actual trade subject, and the responsible subject is misplaced. Comprehensive service companies charge service fees, but they have to bear the tax risk, which makes it difficult for comprehensive service companies to bear.
Xiao Feng, the deputy general manager of Yidatong, believes that supporting the development of foreign trade comprehensive service enterprises has been written into Premier Keqiang's government work report for three consecutive times, which shows the positive and positive attitude of the State Council on foreign trade service innovation. Because the Internet/IT-based comprehensive foreign trade service platform serves 100% of entity small and medium-sized enterprises, it is an effective starting point for the supply-side reform of the foreign trade circulation field to solve the problems of financing difficulties, order difficulties, and delivery difficulties for them. However, market innovation and institutional innovation have not been synchronized. "In this session of the two sessions, many representatives from different sectors put forward proposals, hoping to speed up policy reform, reduce system costs, and create a good environment for innovation-driven development!"
Facing the severe and complex situation facing the development of foreign trade, the State Council issued the “Opinions on Promoting the Stability and Improvement of Foreign Trade” on May 5 last year. The Ministry of Commerce, together with the General Administration of Customs, the State Administration of Taxation, the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, will China National Building Material International Trade Co., Ltd., Ningbo Shimaotong International Trade Co., Ltd., Xiamen Justsun Supply Chain Co., Ltd., and Guangdong Huifu Holding Group Co., Ltd. are included in the pilot enterprises of comprehensive foreign trade services.
In March of this year, under the arrangement of the State Council, a joint research team from the Ministry of Commerce, the State Administration of Taxation, the General Administration of Customs, and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange came to Shenzhen to inspect the comprehensive foreign trade service industry, to understand the status quo of the industry and the problems and difficulties encountered by enterprises. The service platform company Unili & Fung is also investigating the list. The relevant person in charge of Unili & Fung revealed that the Ministry of Commerce is currently actively communicating with several foreign comprehensive service platform companies. After collecting some data and information, the taxation, customs, and the Ministry of Commerce, etc. Make a plan to formulate specific pilot policies for comprehensive service enterprises as soon as possible, define rights, responsibilities, benefits and management rules, and gradually form a management model suitable for the development of comprehensive service enterprises through system innovation, management innovation, service innovation and coordinated development. The healthy development of enterprises provides reproducible and extendable experience, so that new foreign trade formats can cover and benefit more foreign trade enterprises.
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